YD News/ Summers can affect your Heart too/ Three minutes read
Summers can affect your heart too
It is widely known for the number of cardiovascular disease-related fatalities. And risks increase considerably during the winter season. This is due to the constriction of cardiac blood arteries. This results in less supply to the heart muscle, according to experts. Furthermore, blood pressure and ambient temperature have an inverse connection, placing strain on the heart.
However, cardiologists caution that the intense heat of the summer months can also put the heart at danger of heart attack and other issues.
During summer or excessively hot conditions, our cardiovascular system increases its effort to cool our body by radiating heat. Heat leads to enlarged blood vessels and lower blood pressure. So, the heart beats faster and harder. This situation can cause a serious problem to the heart. During the winter season, the cold causes blood vessels to contract, which can raise blood pressure, increasing the risk of a heart attack.
What are the effects of comorbidities on people?
While everyone should pay extra attention to their heart health during excessive temperatures. Persons with comorbidities are especially vulnerable. “People who already have high blood pressure, diabetes, high cholesterol, or pre-existing cardiac diseases. They particularly have an impact,” says Dr. Ritwick Raj Bhuyan, adult cardiothoracic vascular surgery director at Fortis Escorts Heart Institute.
Dr. Jha said: “The most important comorbidities that affect heart health are renal insufficiency, diabetes mellitus, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, sleep disorders like obstructive and central apnea syndrome, and anemia. So, if we will not keep our co-morbidities at check-in any season be it winter or summers, we are hampering our heart health.”
Symptoms that you must not ignore
The following symptoms, according to cardiac professionals, are signs of poor heart health during the summer.
The heaviness of the chest
Difficulty in breathing
Increase in a heartbeat (palpitations)
Swelling in feet
Pain in the hand
Pain in the jaws
Excessive gastritis not relieved by usual gas pills
A sudden episode of fainting
Lifestyle tips to follow
To take care of your heart health during summers, “If you are planning on participating in vigorous exercise and aren’t used to it or are taking up a new sport, make an appointment with your doctor to get checked out thoroughly and get his or her approval.
Don’t overdo exercises
When exercising, don’t overdo it, being moderate is key – The body temperature rises in the summer and the heart has to work harder, any strenuous action may necessitate a faster blood pump. So, overdoing exercise can risk your heart.
Keep your body hydrated
Some heart patients may be on water restriction. But this should raise a little during the summer months. It is to ensure that the body maintains a consistent temperature.
Avoid alcohol and caffeine
Caffeine and alcohol lead to dehydration.
A balanced diet is a key to a healthy heart – Fresh fruits and vegetables, whole grains, pulses, lentils, and legumes are all good choices. One should avoid the junk, spicy, oily, canned, and processed foods.
Keep in touch with your doctor
Due to an increased strain on the heart. People with coronary heart disease may have angina and require oxygen throughout the summer. Stay in contact with your doctor is the greatest way to reduce heart failure risks.
Nutritional requirements for heart health during summers
Apart from water, medicines, exercise, and other lifestyle aspects, experts suggest that you pay extra attention to your nutrition and food this season.
Reduce the amount of saturated and trans fats in your diet.
Increase your fruit and vegetable consumption.
Eat a variety of fruits and vegetables – Red peppers, tomatoes, strawberries, raspberries, peaches, purple plums, green celery, lettuce, and kiwis, as well as yellow peppers and bananas.
Increase fiber intake.
Instead of animal protein, choose plant proteins.
Avoid sugar, desserts, and sweet products.
Choose dairy products that are low in fat or fat-free.
Aim for a total of seven to nine servings of fruits and vegetables every day, since they include antioxidants, b-vitamins, dietary fiber, and a number of other plant components believed to help prevent illness.